Greek Gods were down-to-earth and “less awesome” than the remote gods of the East. Because they were endowed with human qualities and often represented aspects of the physical world – such as the sun, the moon, and the sea – they were closer to humankind and to the world, they lived in. The Greeks, therefore, found spiritual satisfaction in the ordinary, everyday world. They developed a secular life free from the domination of a priesthood that exacted to pay homage to Gods.
The goal of education in the Greek culture was to produce citizens trained in the arts of both peace and war.
Spartans believed in a life of discipline, self-denial, and simplicity. They were very loyal to the state of Sparta. Their purpose of education was to produce a well-drilled, well-disciplined marching army. Every Spartan, male or female, was required to have a perfect body. The goal of education in the Spartan culture was to produce mentally & physically empowered soldier-citizens.